Image and Text contributed by Rekha Rao, Hyderabad
This is a photograph of my paternal grandmother Manorama Rao when she graduated and topped English Honours with the Grigg Memorial gold medal at the University level. My grandmother was born into a Saraswat Konkani Brahmin family in Madras (now Chennai) in 1917. She was the eldest of three daughters in a progressive family that encouraged education and goals. Her mother (my great grandmother) Kamala Devi Tombat was a progressive lady with immense willpower.
My great grandfather, Kamala Devi’s husband, Anand Rao Tombat had hired a British tutor to teach her English after their marriage and encouraged her to learn music. After her husband’s passing in 1944, Kamala went on to do a Visharad in Hindi (equivalent to a Bachelor’s degree), became a Hindi Pandit (Brahmin Scholar) and then a Professor of Hindi and Sanskrit at Queen Mary’s College, Madras, one of the first three colleges for women in the country. She wrote and composed devotional songs and even published a book with them, named Shri Gurugeet Bhajanmala priced at a mere Rs 1 in those days. She and her daughters regularly sang on All India Radio too.
Not only does my grandmother Manorama bear an uncanny physical resemblance to her mother, but the musical, literary talent and zest for life have been passed on as well. After schooling at CSI Ewart School and Presidency Training School, Madras, in 1937, my grandmother Manorama joined Queen Mary’s College where she topped the entire Madras Presidency in English and was awarded the Krupabai Satthianadhan Gold Medal for proficiency in the English language. She then joined the BA Honours (English Language) and Literature course at Presidency College, Madras while her sister Sushila opted for Botany. Both commuted each day by tram between home, and college, that had a beautiful and sprawling campus overlooking Marina Beach, and my grandmother tells me that she was very fond of looking out at the expansive waters of the Bay of Bengal from her classroom window. She also recounts that there were less than 10 students in English Honours, and that they had papers right from Old English (Beowulf) to Middle English (Chaucer), the Romantics to Shakespeare. She also narrates that many of her professors were educated at Oxford and Cambridge.
In 1939, VK Narasimhan from The Indian Express (later Editor-in-Chief) was looking for superior English language and writing skills. My grandmother fit the bill perfectly. Eager to put her education to use and supplement the home income, my grandmother joined the newspaper. She gathered news items, wrote literary reviews and edited articles. That same year, she was introduced to a young England-returned barrister by name Udiavar Narayana Rao. Perhaps he was drawn to her for her good looks, her outgoing and sociable nature and above all, her intellectual capabilities and following a few months of courtship, the two married on 23 May, 1940. The wedding took place as per Hindu rites at Munagala House which eventually gave way to Hotel Ashoka in 1974.
My grandfather, Udiavar Narayana Rao was born in 1910 into a well educated and accomplished Goud Saraswat Konkani Brahmin family. During his years at college, he was also a member of the University Training Corps, a precursor to the modern-day NCC (National Cadet Corps). Subsequently, he became a Bar-at-Law from London’s Middle Temple, and returned to India in 1936, where he joined as an advocate at the High Court of Madras. To this day, my grandmother talks of my grandfather with awe and deep respect for his character and achievements. He was a man of few words, and respected for his upright character in both personal and professional circles.
My grandfather died prematurely at age 54 in 1965, while still in service of the Karnataka Government. After my parents married in 1970, and my father got his first job in Hyderabad, the family moved to Hyderabad. In 1969, when my grandmother was around 52 years old, she traveled overseas for the first time to the US to see her daughter Geetha. But before landing on the shores of America, the adventurous middle-aged soul broke journey in Europe, where, for about 10 days, she visited places like Rome, Paris and London, taking in all the sights, sounds and scenes of life there. Coming from a country that is still dealing with the issue of educating the girl child, my grandmother was definitely way ahead of her time.
This month on October 8, 2017, my grandmother, Manorama became a centenarian, celebrating her 100th birthday amidst family, friends and her many admirers. She is still one of the most organized persons I know and has meticulously maintained family pictures and documents. She labels them at the back and keeps them safely in her cupboard. She also saw the potential in me to be a writer and encouraged me to be one. Today, we’re four generations living under one roof, and are happy and proud to have her as the matriarch of the family.
Oct 23, 2017 | Categories: 1800s, 1910s, 1940s, 1960s, Accolades & Awards, Achievements, Administration, Arranged Marriage, Bachelor of, Barrister, Beach, Brahmin, Chennai, Chennai, Civil Services, College, College Fests, Cotton, Courting & Proposals, Doctor, Dressed for an Occasion, Education, English, English Medium, Future icons from the Past, Goud Saraswat Brahmin, Graduation, Graduation Gowns, Hindi, Hotel, Hyderabad, Indian Express, Journalism, Law, Literacy, London, Matriarchy, Medal, Musician, NCC, Poet/Writer, Pre-Independence, Presidency College, Calcutta, Previous, Priesthood, Saraswat Konkani Brahmin, Scholar, Scholarships & Grants, Singer, State of Madras, Tamil Nadu, Teacher, Travel, United Kingdom, University Training Corps, Widow, Women, Women Empowerment | Tags: 1917, 1939, All India Radio, Book, Calcutta, Centenarian, Chennai, CSI Ewart School, Goud Saraswat Konkani Brahmin, Grigg Memorial gold medal, High Court, Hotel Ashoka, Hyderabad, Kamala Devi Tombat, Krupabai Satthianadhan, Madras, Madras Presidency, Marina Beach, Munagala House, National Cadet Corps, NCC, Presidency College, Calcutta, Presidency Training School, Professor, Queen Mary's College, Rekha Rao, Saraswat Konkani Brahmin, Shri Gurugeet Bhajanmala, The Indian Express, Udiavar Narayana Rao, University Training Corps, Visharad, VK Narasimhan | Leave A Comment »
Image and Text contributed by Vivek Dev Burman, Agartala & Kolkata
While clearing a godown in our house in 2015, I chanced upon a wooden box with a sliding cover. On close inspection, it contained ten 10”x12” B&W glass negatives photographed between c. 1897 to 1910, covered in cobwebs and fungus. It turned out to be part of my grandfather’s photographic portfolio. My grandfather, Maharajkumar Brajendra Kishore Dev Burman of Tripura was an avid photographer and a gadget freak.
Up until now only few prints of my grandfather’s early work existed and had never before been seen or mentioned outside of immediate family. But discovering these negatives revealed a whole different level of quality and scope than what we had seen before. Later I discovered 36 more glass negatives, dated c.1890-1925, in cupboards wrapped up in newsprint, albeit not in very good condition.
This is a photograph of my grand-uncle Maharaja Birendra Kishore taken by my grandfather, his brother, Brajendra Kishore, a year after my grand-uncle became the King of Tripura. They were both 24 years old. My grand-uncle was born in 1883, just 3 months before my grandfather (their mothers were sisters). He was a gifted painter, singer and songwriter. The painting you see on the left,‘The Hermit’, was his adaptation of Job (1880) by Léon Bonnat, an Italian painter. In those days it was quite usual to copy other artists works, and family stories tell us that the painting was sent to Paris, France and won a prize for the best copy. Several of his paintings now hang the palace and other residences of the royal family.
The rulers of Tripura were among the pioneers of Photography in the Indian Subcontinent. My great great grand father Maharaja Bir Chandra Manikya was the architect of modern Agartala (capital of Tripura), and an enthusiastic photographer. He acquired one of the first two cameras that came into Subcontinent (the other was purchased by Raja Deen Dayal, perhaps funded by the Indore state) and was photographing Dagguerotypes in the 1860s. He kept up with all the newer techniques of photography. Culture and arts flourished in the kingdom under his rule. He was the first person to recognize Rabindranath Tagore to be accomplished genius and awarded him when all of Bengal was critical of his early work. He even provided regular financial assistance to Santiniketan, a practice that continued with his son Radha Kishore & grandson Birendra Kishore (above).
In those days most subcontinental photographers followed the European style of making portraits – with backdrops, and props & clothes to mimick the pictures they saw as examples. I hear there was a studio setup constructed in the palace in which backdrops & props were changed whenever they got bored of it. Photography was also achieved in collaborative ways. Exposures of 10-20 seconds, plates and paper had to be sourced from Calcutta, and that was a rather tedious journey as well as a long wait. Soon the king constructed his own dark room, learnt the developing and coating process and began importing his own chemicals and accessories. His passion for photography, its dissemination and developing also got the family involved. His third wife Monmohini is said to have been an amatuer photographer, whom he tutored to develop and make prints. Perhaps the first selves-portrait in India (1880) was of them together in a fairly intimate photograph using a long wire shutter control. He established a club called the “The Camera Club of the Palace of Agartala” and what we must assume was a first, an annual photo exhibition in the subcontinent at the palace.
Bir Chandra‘s sons were also keen photographers. Samarendra (Bara Thakur) my great grand-uncle, was a prolific photographer and regularly sent his pictures to England for competitions. His work & writings on Photography are well documented and one of his most well known pictures of a tribal girl is held at the British Library. He even experimented with methods to preserve negatives in Indian hot and humid weather conditions. His own father was known to comment- “Samarendra’s paintings and photos were near flawless”. The other son Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya, my great grand father was also a keen photographer and succeeded the throne in 1897. Unfortunately, no negatives of their works have been found so far.
My grand-uncle Birendra Kishore and my grandfather, Brajendra Kishore also took to the new medium. Of the two, my grandfather was more involved with photography, its technical aspects and was an expert at coating the plates and paper. I find this image so telling of their bond and as an ode to their exchange of ideas, because the photograph is of one brother – a keen painter, taken by the another – a keen photographer.
My grandfather, the photographer of this image, Brajendra Kishore had a passion for all the new things invented in the world and experimented with everything. He serviced and repaired all the royal cars and pocket watches. He loved to carve wood & ivory, and make furniture. Of course photography was a passion as it combined the aesthetic, mechanical and chemistry that he dabbled in anyway. He would coat the glass negatives and paper, and process and print for most of the family and taught others how to do it. He had a darkroom with a hole in the ceiling where the sun was the source of light for the enlarger. Not all of his images have survived the test of time, but this image is one from his collection of negatives that have.
Through my childhood I met my grandfather often, though only during school holidays. He taught me to shoot (with a gun) at the age of about seven and after a few years, to hand-color B&W photographs. Unfortunately I found photography to be my own keen pursuit only just before he passed in 1976, so I could not discuss any of my discoveries about photography or his pictures with him; else I am sure he would have told me about these plates, and asked that they be looked after. Nonetheless, I am proud that we are probably the only family in the subcontinent who have engaged with photography as pioneers and later as practitioners for five generations.
Aug 28, 2017 | Categories: 1800s, 1910s, Accolades & Awards, Achievements, Agartala, Architecture, Cars, Clubs, Cousin Marriage, Cultural Attire, Drawing, Dressed for an Occasion, Education, English Medium, First of a kind, Founders, Future icons from the Past, Hair Styles, Hand Painted, Hindu, Interiors, London, Men's Clothes, Music, Art, Dance & Culture, Nobel Laureate, Palace, Personal Collections, Photo Collection, Photo Studio, Photographic Techniques, Photography, Polygamy, Pre-1947 Indian Regions & States, Pre-Independence, Previous, Props, Royality, Scholarships & Grants, Silk, Studio Backdrops, Studio Portraits, Tripura, United Kingdom | Tags: 1910s, Agartala, Bara Thakur, British Library, Dagguerotypes, glass negatives, Léon Bonnat, Maharaja Bir Chandra Manikya, Maharaja Birendra Kishore Manikya, Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya, Maharajkumar Brajendra Kishore Dev Burman, Photography, Pioneer, Rabindranath Tagore, Raja Deen Dayal, Samarendra, Santiniketan, Ujjayanta Palace, Vivek Dev Burman | 1 Comment »
Image and Text contributed by Manmeet Sahni, Maryland, USA
This picture of my mother Parveen Kaur was taken at a photo studio in Patiala, Punjab after she successfully attained a first division in M.P.ed (Masters in Physical Education) at the Government college of Physical Education in Patiala.
Parveen Kaur (Arora) was born in the small hill town of Mussoorie, India in 1952. The ‘Arora’ family originally belonged to Rawalpindi, (now Pakistan), and moved to Mussourie during the Indo-Pak partition.
My grandfather S. Chet Singh was a cloth merchant and he, as was with many others, had to abandon his business and assets when they moved to India. My grandfather tried to re-establish his business in Mussoorie but it was difficult. He then decided to move to Delhi for better prospects. The family settled in the western parts of the city. He bought a small piece of land and set up a Deli shop. The business couldn’t pick up the way it had in Rawalpindi, but they did manage to do reasonably well.
When the family moved to Delhi, Parveen Kaur was just 11. She was the youngest in a family of five sisters and two brothers. At the time, the family norm was that women should get married as soon as they turns 18 or younger if an appropriate groom was found. So all my aunts (mother’s sisters) got married early and none of them completed their graduation.
My mother, being the youngest managed to claim her right to education. An avid sportswoman at the age of 13, she went on to represent her school for Nationals in Basketball. At the Nationals she became an all-rounder best player at the Janaki Devi Mahavidyala(JDM College) at the University of Delhi. She was the only daughter of the family who went to a hostel. It was very difficult to convince my grandfather, but he finally gave in to her daughter’s want of pursuing a career of her choice. She then pursued her masters in physical education in Patiala, after which, she returned to Delhi looking for work.
In 2010, she was appointed the host manager of her college grounds which was officially selected as one of the practice venues at the Common Wealth Games. At the time she was also battling cancer, but was very excited and performed her role of a host manager with great enthusiasm.
My mother, Parveen Kaur served the college as Directorate in Physical Education until December, 2010. All through her tenure, the sports teams’ did very well and the college was reckoned in the top five colleges’ for sports at the university rankings.
She passed away, on February 4, 2011 and is fondly remembered by all the faculty, friends and family as one of the most zealous, interesting women and sports personalities of her time. The college has now instituted two yearly awards for ‘Outstanding Sports Person’ in her name.
Nov 01, 2012 | Categories: 1947 India Bangladesh Partition, 1950s, 1980s, 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots, Accolades & Awards, Basketball, Cancer, College, Degrees, Delhi, Delhi University, Dressed for an Occasion, Education, Graduation, Graduation Gowns, India, Literacy, Masters, Migration, Miranda House, Mussoorie, Outdoor Games, Pakistan, Photo Studio, Pre-1947 Indian Regions & States, Previous, Rawalpindi, Relocation, Sarees, Scholar, Scholarships & Grants, Sikhism, Sports, Sports, Studio Portraits, Teacher, Women Empowerment | Tags: 1947 India Pakistan Partition, 1950s, 1980s, Asian Games, Basketball, Cloth Merchant, Common Wealth Games, Delhi, Delhi University, Deli Shop, Manmeet Sahni, Masters, Mussoorie, Pakistan, Parveen Kaur, Patiala, Physical Education, Rawalpindi, Studio Portraits | 1 Comment »
Image contributed by Chetan Roy
This photo was used by Kodak India for an Ad campaign in the early 1980s.
Sarala Roy was an educationist and is remembered as the founder of the Gokhale Memorial School at Calcutta (now Kolkata), West Bengal. She belonged to the famous Das family of Telirbagh, Dhaka, now in Bangladesh. She was also a member of Calcutta University’s senate and also one of the leaders of the All-India Women’s Conference. The conference was founded in 1927 under the leadership of Margaret Cousins but was soon completely run by Indian women. It was the most important women’s organisation of its time.
Feb 23, 2010 | Categories: 1800s, 1980s, Activist, Advertising, Bengali, Bengali, Brahmo Samaj, British Reign, Calcutta, Calcutta University, Civil Services, Cultural Attire, Diplomat, Elite, Fashion & Trends, Fashion Accessories, Gilchrist, Gokhale Memorial School, Hair Styles, Indian Clothes, Indian Politics, Jewellery, London, Men, Men's Clothes, Music, Art, Dance & Culture, Mustache, Pre-Independence, Presidency College, Calcutta, Sarees, Scholar, Scholarships & Grants, United Kingdom, University of Edinburgh, University of London, West Bengal, Western Clothes, Women, Women Empowerment, Women's Clothes | Tags: 1800s, 1980s, Activist, Advertising, Art & Culture, Bengali, Brahmo Samaj, British Reign, Calcutta, Calcutta University, Campaign, Civil Services, Couple, Cultural Attire, Diplomat, Education, Elite, Fashion & Trends, Fashion Accessories, Gilchrist, Gokhale Memorial School, Hair Styles, Indian Politics, Jewellery, Kodak, London, Music, Mustache, Play, Pre Independence, Presidency College, Calcutta, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Sarees, Sari, Scholar, Scholarship, Scholarships & Grants, United Kingdom, University of Edinburgh, University of London, West Bengal, Women Empowerment | 1 Comment »